Senior transplant surgeons from Hyderabad said that there was a need to spread awareness on organ donation among the community, which will go a long way in generating enough pool of donor organs for needy patients.
On the occasion of upcoming World Liver Day, which is on Friday, transplant surgeons and liver specialists said that every year there is a demand for close to one lakh liver transplants in the country. However, hospitals in the country are just about managing to take up 1500 transplants in a year.
Organ donation is when a person allows an organ of their own to be removed and transplanted to another person, legally, either by consent while the donor is alive or dead with the assent of the next of kin.
Donation may be for research or, more commonly, healthy transplantable organs and tissues may be donated to be transplanted into another person.
Common Organ Donation
Common organ donation includes kidneys, heart, liver, pancreas, intestines, lungs, bones, bone marrow, skin, and corneas.[ Some organs and tissues can be donated by living donors, such as a kidney or part of the liver, part of the pancreas, part of the lungs or part of the intestines,[ but most donations occur after the donor has died.
“There is a severe shortage of donor organs. In a few foreign countries, there are rules which make organ donation mandatory, which facilitates in the availability of organs for the needy,” said K Ravindranath, Chairman, Gleneagles Global Hospitals Group. Earlier, a liver transplant used to cost between Rs.25 and Rs 30 lakhs but now surgery costs are between Rs 18 and Rs 22 lakhs. Though it is bit affordable now, availability of organs is still a challenge, he said while interacting with presspersons.
Till date, Gleneagles Global Hospitals has performed 2,500 liver transplants in Hyderabad, Chennai, Bengaluru, and Mumbai. In Hyderabad, 700 liver transplants, including 100 pediatric liver transplants were performed.
Explaining the trends in cases, senior liver specialist, Dr. Dharmesh Kapoor said that alcohol abuse causes a broad spectrum of liver ailments while obesity and metabolic syndrome cause non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.