Right Protection – One of the important aspects in the Clinical Establishments Act 2010 is to protect the basic rights of patients, who get treatment at private health care establishments. The Act has clearly defined the basic rights of the patients and the need to protect them through proper regulatory framework.
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Right to Emergency Medical Care
There are clear Supreme Court directives that make it mandatory for doctors in both public and private sector to provide emergency medical care. Critically injured patients have a right to medical care and inability of the patient to pay up should not hinder the corporate hospital from giving the treatment and in the process saving the patient.
Right to proper information on treatment and rates of services
The Act makes it mandatory for all private health facilities to maintain transparency of their rates by displaying them properly. The doctors too should clearly inform patients or their relatives about the approximate cost of the treatment in advance. Experts also point out that doctors should use their judgement to share information related to treatment and diagnosis of the patient.
Right to medical records and reports
Hospitals can’t deny diagnostic test results, medical reports and other medical details to the patients while they are getting discharged. On their part, the relatives of the patients must be aware about it and collect the medical records, discharge summary, future treatment follow-ups etc.
During their interaction with doctors, patients have to reveal a lot of personal information, family history and personal habits. Often, this information is also very important for the doctor to identify the illness of the patients. The Code of Ethics of MCI says that it is the duty of the doctor to maintain confidentiality.
To Informed Consent
It is the duty of the doctor or the hospital management to properly inform the patient about the risks involved while undergoing diagnostic tests and procedures. The risks and implications of the tests and procedures have to be informed to the patients well in advance.